Santo Domingo

Before the arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1492, the Taino populated the island they called Quisqueya (mother of all lands) and Haiti (land of high mountains), and Columbus renamed Hispaniola, including the part that today occupies the Republic of Haiti. At that time, the territory of the island consisted of five chiefdoms: Marien, Maguá, Maguana, Jaragua and Higuey.

These were governed respectively by Guacanagarix, Guarionex, Caonabo, Bohechío and Cayacoa caciques.The first settlement dates back to 1493 when the first Europeans settled on the island, although it was officially founded on August 5, 1496 by Bartholomew Columbus under the name of La Nueva Isabela, after an earlier one built by his brother Christopher Columbus, both settlements bore his name in honor of Queen Isabel of Castile I. Then it was renamed in honor of Santo Domingo as Santo Domingo, who was the patron of Domenico Colombo, a father of Christopher Columbus.

The city became known as the gateway to the Caribbean. Santo Domingo was destroyed by a hurricane in 1502, and the new governor Nicolas de Ovando had it rebuilt at another nearby site. The original design of the city and a large part of its defensive wall can still be seen today in the Colonial Zone, a World Heritage Site. The Colonial Zone, bordered by the Ozama River, also has an impressive collection of sixteenth century buildings, including palatial houses and churches that reflect the architectural style of the Middle Ages.

En español

Antes de la llegada de Cristóbal Colón en 1492, los taínos poblaban la Isla que llamaban Quisqueya (madre de todas las tierras) y Haití (tierra de altas montañas), y que Colón renombró como La Española, que incluye la parte que hoy ocupa la República de Haití. En ese momento, el territorio de la isla consistía en cinco cacicazgos: Marién, Maguá, Maguana, Jaragua e Higuey.

Estos eran gobernados respectivamente por los caciques Guacanagarix, Guarionex, Caonabo, Bohechío y Cayacoa. El primer asentamiento se remonta a 1493 cuando se asentaron los primeros europeos en la Isla, aunque fue fundada oficialmente el 5 de agosto de 1496 por Bartolomé Colón con el nombre de La Nueva Isabela, después de uno anterior construido por su hermano Cristóbal Colón, ambos asentamientos llevaban su nombre en honor a la Reina de Castilla Isabel I.

Luego pasó a llamarse Santo Domingo en honor a Santo Domingo, quien fue el patrono de Domenico Colombo, padre de Cristóbal Colón. La ciudad llegó a ser conocida como la puerta de entrada al Caribe. Santo Domingo fue destruida por un huracán en 1502, y el nuevo gobernador Nicolás de Ovando la hizo reconstruir en otro sitio cercano.

El diseño original de la ciudad y una gran parte de su muralla defensiva todavía se puede apreciar hoy en día en la Zona Colonial, declarada Patrimonio de la Humanidad. La Zona Colonial, bordeada por el río Ozama, tiene también una impresionante colección de edificios del siglo XVI, incluyendo casas palaciegas e iglesias que reflejan el estilo arquitectónico de la época medieval.

Catedral Primada Black and white post card with the First Cathedral of America located in Ciudad Trujillo. Dimension is 3.5 by 5.5...

Catedral Primada

4 images

Balneario de Guibia Color post card for the new Playa de Guibia located 1.5 kilometers from Ciudad Trujillo with public dance and pavillion....

Balneario de Guibia

5 images

San Nicolas Black and white post card with the Ruins of San Nicolas being the first stone church in the Americas. Dimension is 3.5...

San Nicolas

3 images

Playa Guibia Black and white post card with the Guibia beach located in Ciudad Trujillo. Dimension is 3.5 by 5.5 inches. Postal en...

Playa Guibia

4 images

Muralla Black and white post card with an antique wall. Dimension is 3.5 by 5.5 inches. Postal en blanco y negro con la muralla...

Muralla

4 images

Puerta del Conde Black and white post card with the Gate where the call for independence was done on 27 of February 1844. Dimension is...

Puerta del Conde

4 images

Fortaleza Ozama Black and white post card with the Ozama Fortress. You can see the USA Flag on top meaning the picture was taken between...

Fortaleza Ozama

4 images

Puerta San Diego Black and white post card with the old Saint James Gate. Dimension is 3.5 by 5.5 inches. Postal en blanco y negro con la...

Puerta San Diego

4 images

USS Memphis Black and white post card with the USS Memphis stranded at the rocks in San Domingo. Dimension is 3.5 by 5.5 inches....

USS Memphis

4 images

La Ceiba Color post card with the tree called La Ceiba de Colon being the tree where he tied his ships. Dimension is 3.5 by 6...

La Ceiba

4 images

Ave. George Washington Black and white post card the main avenue of San Domingo city. Dimension is 3.5 by 5.5 inches. Postal en blanco y negro...

Ave. George Washington

4 images

The City Black and white post card with a part of the city of San Domingo. Dimension is 3.5 by 5.5 inches. Postal en blanco y...

The City

4 images

Casino Guibia Black and white post card with the ocean front avenue of the Guibia Casino in Ciudad Trujillo. Dimension is 3.5 by 5.5...

Casino Guibia

4 images

Fuerte Ozama Black and white post card for the Colonial fort located in the Ozama River in Ciudad Trujillo. Dimension is 3.5 by 5.5...

Fuerte Ozama

3 images

Memphis on the Rocks Black and white post card with the USS Memphis stranded at the rocks in San Domingo. Dimension is 3.5 by 5.5 inches....

Memphis on the Rocks

3 images

USS Ships Black and white post card with an ocean front view of several north American war ships. Dimension is 3.5 by 5.5 inches....

USS Ships

4 images

Hotel Jaragua Color post card with a view of the pool of the Jaragua Hotel in the main ocean front avenue of Ciudad Trujillo....

Hotel Jaragua

4 images

Avenida George Washington Black and white post card the main ocean front avenue of San Domingo city. Dimension is 3.5 by 5.5 inches. Postal en...

Avenida George Washington

4 images

Rio Ozama Black and white post card with a view of the Ozama River in Ciudad Trujillo. Dimension is 3.5 by 5.5 inches. Postal en...

Rio Ozama

4 images

Ceiba de Colon Black and white post card with the historical tree called La Ceiba de Colon, was the tree where he tied his ships....

Ceiba de Colon

4 images

Obelisco

4 images

Parque Independencia

4 images

Parque Colon

4 images